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    观赏鱼患病原因人为因素与自然因素
    来源:http://www.jnyxh.com  2015-12-16 13:20:30
    饲养者只要按照不同热带鱼的生活习性和生活条件的要求,加强管理,精心饲养,热带鱼就好少生病。但有些饲养者往往对一些热带鱼的生活习性缺乏了解或饲养方面的疏忽,导致热带鱼生这样那样的病。
    Breeders as long as according to the different life habits and the living conditions of the requirements of tropical fish, strengthen management, careful breeding, tropical fish are sick less often. But some owners are often the lack of the understanding of the life of some tropical fish or breeding aspects of negligence, lead to tropical fish such as disease.
    1、自然因素
    natural factors,
    各种热带鱼对水的硬度、酸碱度、含氧量、温度、咸度等理化要求各不相同,所要求的生态环境也不相同。而热带鱼本身就是一种生物,它要不断的进行新陈代谢活动,污染水环境,使水的理化标准、生态环境不断发生变化。因此,我们就要不断地对鱼缸进行换水、清除排泄物、充氧、调节水温,调整饲水的理标准。这是一件比较麻烦而细致的工作,稍有疏忽,也会导致热带鱼患病。例如浮头病、感冒、气泡病等就是由于这些原因造成的。
    All kinds of tropical fish to water hardness, ph, oxygen content, temperature, salinity and other physical and chemical requirements vary, required by the ecological environment is not the same. And tropical fish itself is a kind of creature, it keep on metabolic activity, pollute the water environment, the standard of physical and chemical, water ecological environment change constantly. Therefore, we will continually to change water tank, remove waste, oxygenation, adjust the water temperature, adjust feeding water standard. This is a more troublesome and meticulous work, a slight negligence, can also lead to tropical fish disease. Such as floating head disease, cold, bubble disease is caused by these reasons.
    另外,饲养缸的光源不足,就会引起热带鱼新陈代谢失常,造成体色灰暗、体表粘液增多,为真菌、寄生虫寄生提供有利条件,导致鱼体发病。
    In addition, feeding cylinder light source is not enough, it could cause tropical fish metabolism disorder, cause the body color, gray surface increased mucus, provide favorable conditions for fungi, parasite, cause the fish disease.
    2、人为因素
    human factors,
    人们在饲养过程中,经常要给鱼缸换水、兑水,捞鱼和清洗鱼缸,有时会因操作不当,使鱼蹦到地上或器具碰伤鱼体,造成鳍条条开裂、鳞片脱落机械损伤。这样很容易使病菌从伤口侵入,使鱼体感染患病。例如烂鳃病、水霉病就是通过此途径感染的。
    People in the process of breeding, often have to change water, the water for fish tank, fish and fish tank cleaning, sometimes because of improper operation, so that the fish jumped to the ground or appliance fish, bruised fins all crack, flake off mechanical damage. So it is easy to make bacteria from the wound invasion, makes the fish body infection disease. Such as rotten gill disease, water mildew is infected through this way.
    在自然界捞活饵和采集水草,投喂和移植到鱼缸里时,由于消毒、清洁工作不彻底,往往也会将病菌及害虫带人鱼缸,伤害热带鱼的健康。例如小瓜虫病、烂鳃病等都是感染发病的。
    Live in nature, fishing bait and collecting seaweed, feeding and transplanted into the fish tank, due to inadequate disinfection, cleaning, and often will also disease and insect pests with tanks, damage the health of tropical fish. Such as small melon worm disease, rotten gill disease is infection of the disease.
    家养热带鱼全靠人工投喂饲养,如果投喂不当,或饥或饱及长期投喂干饵料,饵料品种单一,缺乏动物性饵料等,这样热带鱼就会缺乏营养,造成体质衰弱,就容易感染患病。如果投喂饵料以变质、腐败,就会直接导致热带鱼生病。
    Domestic all by artificial feeding tropical fish breeding, if improper feeding, or hunger or satisfied and long-term feeding dry bait, bait single varieties, such as the lack of animal bait, the tropical fish will lack of nutrition, physical weakness, are more likely to get sick. If you feed the bait to metamorphism, corruption, will directly cause disease in a tropical fish.
    另外,热带鱼的饲养密度要合理,密度大不利于鱼儿游动,还容易造成缺氧,加速水体污染,个利于热带鱼的 正常生活,容易使鱼患病。
    In addition, tropical fish breeding density to be reasonable, density is bad for fish swim, also easy to cause lack of oxygen, accelerate the water pollution, conducive to the normal life of tropical fish, fish disease easily.
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